Eastern woodland indian religion
- In Eastern Algonquian religion they believed that there was a spiritual world that interacted constantly with the physical world.
- There was a belief in a primary spirit or animating force that encompassed all existence. Algonquians called this animating spirit 'Kitchie Manitou' or the 'Great Spirit'.
- According to the Algonquians, the 'Kitchie Manitou' was present in all living and non-living things, for example in everything from people and animals, to plants and water, to the Sun and the moon, and even sickness.
- The only people who could communicate with and control the spirits were the 'Shamans' or 'Medicine Men'.
- Shamans were the most important spiritual leaders in Woodlands Algonquian culture, and were idolized for their ability to communicate with the spirit world and ward off evil spirits. They could do this by performing curing rituals in which they used magical rites to force evil spirits from the bodies of the sick.